Cinnamon of Taprobane, King Solomon, Kekunnama

From my Book – Bride & Beast Battles

Chap 2 ANCIENT HISTORY & PRESENT REDEMPTION

Our nation also produced the world’s largest sapphire and that is one of the crown jewels of the House of Windsor. Little Sri Lanka has a remarkable history.

Many are sensing loss of hope and distress about Sri Lanka. Those who are responsible for the living fare of employees are doubly vexed. Lanka was a thriving kingdom often visited by ships both from far east and from the great empires of the Middle East and Europe. We were Serendib to Arabs, Taprobane to Greeks, Ophir to Phoenicians. We were a hub port for Chinese Roman, Greek and Phoenician ships. Ovir (Biblical Ophir) was a port on the North Western Coast of Lanka. East and the west met in this port. We were a centre for Chinese silk and other eastern products such as Musk, Sandalwood to be exchanged for what the West brought. At the time of the Hindu epic Ramayana, Sri Lanka ruled by Ravana (900 BC) was more prosperous than India, says Dr Karan Singh, Chairman of the Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR).
Delivering the first Lakshman Kadirgamar Memorial Lecture, he said: “In the Ramayana – although its author was Mahrishi Valmiki, an Indian – it seems clear that Sri Lanka was much more prosperous than India.” “It was referred to as Swarnamayi Lanka (the golden Lanka) and contains graphic descriptions of the beautiful palaces and buildings that existed there several millennia ago.”
“As its position is central, the island is the resort of ships from all parts of India, Persia, and Ethiopia, and, in like manner, many are despatched from it. From the inner 57 countries; I mean China, and other emporiums, it receives silk 58 , aloes, cloves, clove-wood, chandana 59 , and whatever else they produce. These it again transmits to the outer ports 60 ,—I mean to Male 61 , whence the pepper comes; to Calliana 62 , where there is brass and sesamine-wood, and materials for dress (for it is also a place of great trade), and to Sindon 63 , where they get musk, castor, and androstachum 64 , to Persia, the Homeritic coasts 65 , and Adule. Receiving in return the exports of those emporiums, Taprobane exchanges them in the inner ports (to the east of Cape Comorin) sending her own produce along with them to each”.

(W.E. Tennant’s Ancient Ceylon quoting Sopater)

We ourselves exported Elephants, Ivory, Sapphire, Rubies, Pearls, Cinnamon (we were known as the  Cinnamon mart), Sandalwood. Lanka sent many an embassy to China, Rome and Persia. In 1000 BC Lanka was reported as being 900 miles broad and wide. This is seen in maps by Ptolemy and confirmed by Sopater. In 900 BC (?Ravana) and in 100 BC (Kelanitissa)  sea waves (?tsunami) destroyed and engulfed more than 90% of the then land mass of Lanka. With it we lost the gold deposits.

I recently heard that some scholars think Ophir was Sri Lanka and we certainly sent Cinnamon to Solomon. Septuagint calls Cinnamon “Kekunanama” which is the Sinhala (derived from Sanskrit) name. Sri Lanka also has Ivory, peacocks, sandalwood, precious stones – latter more than any other nation.  Exod 30:23

1Ki 10:11  And also the navy of Hiram which brought gold from Ophir, brought in from Ophir great abundance of almug trees (sandalwood) and precious stones.  2Ch 9:10  And also the servants of Hiram, and the servants of Solomon who brought gold from Ophir, brought algum trees and precious stones.

Furthermore

  1. We sent Cinnamon to Solomon’s temple
  2. We have world’s highest biodiversity index
  3. We have the world’s highest quotient of potable water per hectare
  4. Largest blue sapphire and the most number of precious stones – also rubies
  5. Famous for pearls in the past
  6. World’s best tea
  7. Fine golden beaches
  8. 126 rivers with potable water
  9. Tallest mountains per land mass area
  10. Shrimp, lobster and sea food in abundance
  11. A mountain named Adam’s peak because the vegetation is so lush
  12. Strategic location in the Indian ocean with natural harbours
  13. Amazing coral life and tropical fish
  14. Most diverse cuisine according to Ency. Britannica
  15. and some very sad brutalities

 

Jon 1:3

To flee unto Tarshish – Some say Tartessus, in Spain, near the straits of Gibraltar, others, Tarsus, in Cilicia; and others, Taprobana, or the island of Ceylon, formerly called Taprobah; and Tabrobavagh in Sanskrit, to the present day. (Clarke’ Commentary). Tarsus of west (Near Spain) and a Tarsus of the East which some say was Sri Lanka (Taprobane – ancient name).

1Ki 9:28And they came to Ophir,…. About which place there are various opinions; some take it to be the little island of Zocatora, on the eastern coast of Africa, at a small distance from the straits of Babelmandel; others the island of Ceylon; others Sofala in (Gill)  Cinnamonis obtained from a tree allied to the laurel that grows in Ceylon (Sri Lanka) and other islands of the Indian Ocean, known in Botany as the Cinnamomum zeylanicum. It is the inner rind of the tree dried in the sun. It was imported from India in very early times by the people of Ophir, and brought with other spices from the south part of Arabia by the trading caravans that visited Egypt and Syria. The mention of these spices in Exodus may be taken as the earliest notice we have connected with commerce with the remote East.

  1. Sri Lanka probably suffered a tsunami in 900 BC (?Ravana was king) and 200 BC (Kelanitissa was king)  and lost 90% of her land mass. According to the maps of Ptolemy, Taprobane was 900 miles length and breadth. Sri Lanka lost her gold coast during these tsunamis. It is in this area that Petroleum has now been found.
  2. Ophir was Ovir – older name for Mannar, sea port on North West coast of Sri Lanka, known as the G reat Emporium in ancient times because it was the hub between East and west. Tarshish some say was Galle, an ancient Port in the south of Sri Lanka.
  3. Hebrew names for Apes, Peacock, Gems, Ivory in 1 K10:22 are transliteration from the Tamil used in Ovir (North West Sri Lanka) at that time.

We are holding on to the hope that the Lord of the Nations will restore prosperity to Sri Lanka.

 

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Teens on Screen – Ween ’em Go Green

Dr. Harish Shetty, a Mumbai-based psychiatrist, was convinced that his seven-year- old patient had a problem. He would get into fights with other children, had no friends, was frequently restless in class, and at other times, often falling asleep while a lesson was being taught.

Teachers frequently summoned his parents to the school after which they finally agreed to have him checked at a suburban clinic and undergo behavioral therapy, thehindu.com wrote.

After a detailed examination, Shetty and his colleagues identified the cause of the boy’s troubles: Excessive screen time. The boy spent hours every day using his iPad, phone and watching television.

“We were taken aback when the parents told us that they had first bought an iPad for the boy when he was barely two years old,” Shetty recounts.

“He could be fed only if he was given an iPad screen to stare at with a cartoon or some other video playing on it. Gradually, the boy spent many more hours exploring the iPad. But in the process, he hardly stepped out to play, did not make any friends in the building nor in the school.”

His parents believed the tablet would help him learn and occupy his mind, but the fact was that they were over-indulging him, the doctor said.

“The anxiety and unruly behavior in him stemmed from the fact that his social skills were underdeveloped,” said Shetty, noting that the child would spend hours on his iPad most often playing games until his parents came home from work. Then, he would play with one of their smartphones. Later, he would spend time watching television. Last year, when he stepped into class one, the parents got him a basic cellphone to remain connected in case of an emergency.

During recess time, he would be glued to his phone instead of playing and sharing lunch with friends. Altogether, he was spending an average of seven hours a day staring at electronic screens.

Experts define screen time as the time spent watching television or playing games on tablets, phones, or computers without any educational reason. In a 2017 review paper, experts from the University of Massachusetts Amherst, US blamed excessive screen time for limiting language skills in children. These skills are directly related to the amount of time parents spend speaking to their children.

“Heavy television use or excessive screen time can interfere with a child’s language development because parents spend less time interacting and talking to their child. Furthermore, receptive language delays by age five are a significant risk factor for social and emotional problems in adulthood.”

Experts have linked increased screen time to other problems besides impaired learning. These include attention disorder, obesity, aggressive behavior, sleep deprivation and insomnia. What’s more, the World Health Organization recently set out to identify ‘gaming disorder’ as an addictive mental and behavioral health problem.

Under therapy, Shetty’s patient is now showing improvement as treatment involves his whole family. “We are gradually weaning him off the screens by letting him focus on other interests like drawing, crafts, etc. But we had to first start with counselling the parents,” he added.

But pediatric neurologist Dr. Pradnya Gadgil from Mumbai’s Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital said that there is a lack of research on this subject from an Indian perspective. In the US, Gadgil noted, studies had shown that the advent of cable television was correlated with an increased incidence of autism. Although social communication disorders are thought to have a genetic predisposition, environmental factors, including increased screen time, play a role. This is seen predominantly in households living the urban lifestyle.

When a child or even an adult is hooked on to an electronic screen, he or she is in a passive, frozen, hypnotized mode, Gadgil notes.

“Our brain thrives when one is indulging in new activities. That’s when new circuits in the brain develop,” she explained.

“With screen addiction, one is simply functioning on the same circuit passively. The brain development stagnates.”

According to her, cases of pediatric migraines, which were rare a few years ago are now common. When one probes the lifestyle of affected children, it often turns out that they are spending many hours before a recreational screen, are rarely playing outdoors, consume processed food very often and fail to cultivate hobbies.

“Migraine, too, has a genetic predisposition. But there is undoubtedly a strong association between pediatric migraines and lifestyle which includes excessive screen time,” she observes.

How does pot affect the body?

Marijuana has both short- and long-term effects on the body.

Within a few minutes of smoking marijuana, a person feels the effects of pot, as THC is rapidly passes from the lungs into the bloodstream, making its way to the brain and other organs.

What causes the “high” people experience is marijuana’s effect on over-activating parts of the brain containing specific brain cell receptors. This leads to feelings of an altered sense of time, other altered senses, changes in mood, impaired body movement, impaired memory and difficulty in thinking and problem-solving.

Researchers are still studying the long-term effects of marijuana. But what is known is that the younger a person begins using pot, such as in the teen years, the greater the declines in general knowledge, impaired thinking, learning difficulties and lowered IQ.

Other health effects from marijuana usage both physically and mentally can include the following:

·         Breathing problems – Marijuana smoke irritates the lungs, causing damage with an increased risk of both chronic bronchitis and lung infections.

·         Increased heart rate – Pot can raise a person’s heart rate for up to three hours after smoking, increasing the risk for a heart attack, especially in anyone with a heart condition.

·         Harm to unborn babies – Women using marijuana during pregnancy can have children with a lower birth weight and an increased risk of both brain and behavioral problems as infants. Children exposed to marijuana in the womb have problems of attention, memory, and problem-solving compared to unexposed children.

·         Intense nausea and vomiting – Those who are long-term, regular users of marijuana may develop cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome, where they experience cycles of severe nausea, vomiting and dehydration.

·         Temporary hallucinations and paranoia.

·         Other mental health and behavioral problems – People with schizophrenia can develop worsening symptoms. Marijuana users – particularly heavy users – can have lower satisfaction with life, relationship problems, and less academic and career success. For young adults it can lead to a greater likelihood of dropping out of school, along with more job absences, accidents, and injuries.

Anyone using marijuana products should not do so before driving or operating heavy or dangerous equipment. And any woman using it who is pregnant should do the right thing and stop. Individuals with heart or lung problems would be smart to avoid it and it should never be used in any form around children or teens.

And no matter what proponents of marijuana use will tell you, marijuana use can lead to the development of a substance use disorder. Between 9 and 30 percent of users may develop some degree of this disorder. Those who start using marijuana before the age of 18 are four to seven times more likely than adults to develop a marijuana use disorder.

What about medical marijuana?

As controversial as it is, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has  approved medications containing synthetic THC drugs dronabinol and nabilone, both man-made forms of cannabis. These are used as appetite stimulants in AIDS patients and for chemotherapy-related nausea and vomiting.

At this time, treating medical conditions using marijuana is still illegal on a federal level. There is still insufficient data from large, long-term, well-designed studies on the potential risks versus benefits of using marijuana to relieve symptoms of certain medical conditions.

There are however, ongoing studies on cannabidiol, a component of marijuana that does not have the mind-altering effects of THC. That may hold potential promise in helping conditions like drug-resistant epilepsy and some psychiatric disorders such as anxiety, substance use disorders, schizophrenia and psychosis.

Where do we go from here?

Here’s a better idea – how about encouraging people to get “high” on taking good care of themselves? It’s the little things, such as making every bite of food count, using physical activity every day to naturally release an endorphin high, relieving stress by watching a sunrise or sunset, or getting good feelings by helping others.

Those are the kinds of “highs” that are positive, life-affirming and with few risks to our health. Smoking marijuana and slipping into a THC-induced mind-altered state has been shown time and again to have more negatives associated with it than positives.

No matter how much fun using marijuana looks like on TV or in the movies, no matter what your friends say about it, no matter how many people tell you it’s harmless, and no matter what laws politicians pass to get votes or raise tax revenue, remember one thing: unless you have certain medical conditions where the drug may be beneficial, you are better off without it.

Tho’ Legalised Marijuana Remains Dangerous

A recent study from the Columbia University School of Public Health found that while alcohol increased the risk of causing a fatal car crash five times, testing positive for pot increased it by 62 percent. Those drivers who had both pot and alcohol in their blood at the time of a fatal crash were six times more likely to have caused the accident.

Another area of concern is pregnancy. Many pregnant women suffer from morning sickness. But the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology recommends against using marijuana while pregnant – no matter what.

And the Centers for Disease Control warns that “marijuana use during pregnancy can be harmful to your baby’s health.” Why? The CDC points to research showing low birth weight in infants, along with developmental and attention problems in children born to mothers who smoke pot regularly during pregnancy.

Unfortunately, pot smoking among pregnant women is on the rise and it is bound to rise even more. A study just released from Kaiser Permanente in California and published in the Journal of the American Medical Association revealed that 7 percent of pregnant women surveyed smoked pot, including almost 20 percent of those below the age of 24. The number of pregnant women using marijuana will only increase now that recreational marijuana is legal in California.

When it comes to adolescents and adults, long-term marijuana use has been associated with decreased school and job performance, memory loss, and psychiatric disorders including anxiety and depression.

With the increase in edible marijuana comes a dramatic increase in Emergency Room visits from overuse, especially among adolescents, who may be getting more THC than they realize. Symptoms include acute anxiety, rapid heart rate and paranoia.

When it comes to the heart, studies show that patients with known heart disease are more likely to have chest pain and that heart attacks are more likely to occur in the hour following smoking pot. Pot smoke is also known to cause wheezing and airway inflammation, though more studies on the long-term effects of regular marijuana smoking on both the heart and lungs need to be done.

Don’t get me wrong. I must emphasize that I am not intending to weigh in here on the politics and economics of legalization. In fact, I have never favored punishing users of any chemical substance and advocate instead for rehab programs and peer-to-peer assistance for substance abuse of all kinds.

But it’s important to note that there is evidence that marijuana is a gateway drug to other drugs, both licit and illicit, including nicotine. This evidence must concern us even as we try to gain control over the opioid epidemic.

Here’s the bottom line: Marijuana is a useful drug medically when it comes to treating chronic pa

The Paradox of Nativity

The paradox of the nativity – Dr Lalith Mendis

The Creator, The Uncreated being – took fetal from in a Virgin’s womb.

The source of life           -came to share our troubled life.

The Infinite                     -took finite form.

God who is spirit            -took corporeal limit.

The Eternal Reason         -became a fledgling Person.

He who inhabits eternity -became contemporary in human history.

He who is Omnipresent, and transcendent – became space – dependent.

He who is Unchanging and Immortal – became decayable and mortal.

He whose throne is the heavens, the earth His footstool – was cradled in a manger where oxen drool.

He whose glory spawns the galaxies – came to a stable in Bethlehem’s alleys.

He who designed and owns the created order – was born a pitiable, lowly pauper.

He who is clothed in light inaccessible and brilliant – opted to be strapped in swaddling vestment.

Undisputed Omnipotent Sovereign of the vast creation – became an undefended infant in a vassal nation.

The one Excellent in Holiness – was willing to appear in the likeness of sinfulness.

The Great Architect of the starry echelon – was willing to be called the carpenter’s Son.

He who was unimpeachable in purity – was willinlg to be accused of being illegitimate progeny.

The Lord of Hosts, the Eternal King – was threatened with death by a despotic king.

The Foundation of all wisdom and knowledge – was willing to be taught under earthly tutelage.

He who was rich became poor for us – that we might become rich by His grace.

What Babe Is This?

Vulnerable Babe takes on the madding crowd

It’s Christmas night and City in mystery shroud

Beasts of burden eager waiting in a holy hush

Prince of Peace drew us from the rage and rush

Angels on high visit the wretched Shepherds

God announces gladsome gracious words

Outcasts profligate ne’er do well included

O Star of Bethlehem your long wait rewarded

Poor are glad, King Herod and priests enraged

Humble promoted, oppressed mercy engaged

New Order of the Heart’s liberation unveiled

Swords turn to ploughshares barriers scaled

Turning Tables beginning in the Stable

Mary said Yes…Joseph said but… Yes

Augustus Caesar directed to call Census

God Almighty as Helpless Babe – Dress

Takes on Caesar, Herod, Priest the press

Rags His armour, straw bed His throne

Innocence His weapon, love to His own

What Saviour is this, where’s His Glory – Lying in a Manger

Though Dawkins puffs and Hawking huffs – God not in danger

To Invade the Mighty Roman Empire – man’s injustice and fear

God Babe ushered by a Virgin as foretold by Isaiah the Seer

Immanuel – God with us, for us, in us, thru us – ne’er against us

It’s time again for beauty, truth, love, hope and build up trust

– Dr Lalith Mendis

(The writer is the Director of the Colombo Empathic Learning Centre) 

Da Vinci Code – Fact & Fiction Amalgam= Myth – Elastic Historicity – Bug or Humbug

The Da Vinci Code

Separating fact from Fiction

 

By this Definition, the da Vinci Code would need to develop its plot with historical integrity. When challenged on his facts, the author cannot rightfully say, “its only a novel.” Such positioning places the reader in a schizophrenic world of fact and fiction.

 

Dan brown writes an “ alternative history” without giving the reader the ability to see where his facts begin and end. Literary scholars see the difference; the average reader may not.

 

Let’s look at how the “what if” history of the Da Vinci Code plays out with elements that are alleged to be factual.

 

The significance of the Priority of Sion  is bolstered in the plotline of the  Da Vinci Code by claiming a little-known connection with such geniuses as Leonardo Da Vinci and Isaac Newton.

 

Dan Brown’s main characters- Robert Langdon, Sopie Neveu, and Leigh Teabing- are experts at deciphering codes and interpreting symbols. This is one of the most compelling aspects of the novel. The book accurately points out that Leonardo was known to have used reverse text (which could be read with a mirror) for some of his “progressive theories on astronomy, geology, archaeology, and hydrology” (p.300). Yet, his “secrets” were probably more scientific than religious. Leonardo was among the Renaissance scientists who had to be careful not to raise suspicion that their theories were challenging established church doctrine on creation.

 

Brown, however, used the fact of Da Vinci’s reverse –style scientific essays to suggest that Leonardo also left clues in his artwork about secret religious beliefs, which if known would have changed the public’s acceptance of his work. In the Da Vinci Code, the great artist is portrayed as a goddess worshiper who left clues in his artwork to let us know that his views of Christ were not in line with the teachings of the church.

But how believable is this claim? Art critics who have no interest in defending the church have rejected the notion. Authorities in the art world believe that the “hidden clues” to Leonard’s secrets faith exist only in the imagination of those looking to make a conspiracy theory plausible (see: Bruce Boucher, “does the Da Vinci Code Crack  Leonardo?” the New York Times, 8/03/03: Sian Gibby, “Mrs. God.” Slate, 11/3/03).

 

 

Such Guide lines help us to see some of the many reasons that the credibility of the New Testament has stood the rest of time. The Nag hammadi documents (Gnostic gospels) by comparison, were written about 100 to 200 years after the life of Jesus. Being later in time and lacking connection to those who knew Christ, they reflect Gnostic doctrines of the second and third centuries rather than a first-centaury record of witnesses.

By contrast, the New Testament gives us eye witness accounts, with more copies, closer to the event than any other document from the first century.

 

Small portions like the Chester Beatty and john Ryland Papyri fragments bring scholars back to within 40 years of the writing of the gospel of John (F.F Bruce, the new Testament Documents- are they reliable? Pp.17-18) likewise, F.F Bruce in his book Jesus and Christian Origins outside The New Testament shows how historians have used other early documents to confirm the reliability of New Testament  accounts.

 

Dan Brown attempts to tie his “secret knowledge” to early Judaism with this shocking statement:

“Admittedly, the concept of sex as a pathway to God was mind –boggling at first. Langdon’s Jewish students always looked flabbergasted when he first told them that the early Jewish tradition involved ritualistic sex. In the Temple, no less. Early Jews believed that the Holy of Holies in Soloman’s Temple housed not only God but also His powerful female equal, Shekinah…… the Jewish tetragrammaton YHWH- the sacred name of God- is in fact derived from Jehovah, an androgynous physical union between the masculine Jah and the Pre-Hebraic name for Eve, Hava (p.309).

 

Such concepts sound scholarly when spoken by a fictional Harvard Professor of symbology. They  can also be misleading when they come from the pen of someone who is trying to rewrite history to claim that God is pleased by the pagan practices of ancient fertility cults. This is another instance, however, where the facts are difference.

 

By contrast, Brown uses his own assumptions to make unjustified claims about Hebrew word meanings and origins. The reader is asked to accept the words of Roberts Langdon, a fictitious authority in the field, who tries to tie the worship of Israel to the ancient fertility cults characteristic of Israel’s neighbors.

 

The Da Vinci Code contradicts the combined witness of the Hebrew Scriptures. What about the New Testament? Does it give a picture of continuity with the Old Testament? Together, the writings of Paul, Peter, James, John and Jude combine with the gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John to cite multiple sources from the Old Testament to support their view of Christ. They build on the testimony of Jewish prophets who anticipated a coming Deliverer who would be born of a virgin (Isa.7:14; Mt. 1:18-,24-25). This Messiah would be born in Bethlehem (Mic.5:2; Lk. 2:4-7). Although a king, He would enter Jerusalem humbly on a donkey (Zech.9:9; Mt. 21:6-11). Even the piercing and death of messiah were foretold centuries before the invention of crucifixion as a form of execution (Isa.53; Zech.12:10; Mt. 27)and the Messiah triumphing over death in resurrection was foretold (Ps.16:10; Isa. 53:10: Acts 2:31). These fulfillments of messianic predictions are only part of a much wider range of other elements of continuity also fulfilled by the unique person of Jesus of Nazareth.

 

Ancient documents including but not restricted to the New Testament accounts tell the story of witnesses who saw the Old Testament Scriptures fulfilled in Christ and who were willing to suffer and die for what they saw in the life, death, and resurrection of Christ. These witnesses lived and died in spite of the power of Rome, not because of it. For most of the years preceding Constantine they were a hated and persecuted people (I cor.1:26-31). Followers of Christ were the outcasts of society. They were the poor and powerless witnesses of the history of Christ, not “the winners,” as alleged by brown.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Da Vinci code

A response

 

 

1 what is the central premise of the Da vinci asserts that ‘almost every thing our Father taught us about Christ is false.’ It claims that:

  • The catholic church has kept the true fact about Christianity hidden through force of terror
  • Jesus was married to Mary Magdalene ( who was the head apostle)
  • Jesus was not the son of God
  • He was a mortal prophet – a great and powerful man of staggering influence who inspired millions to better lives
  • The pagan emperor Constantine proposed a motion upgrade Jesus to a deity at the council of Nicaea in 325AD

 

In 112 AD, the roman governor Pliny records that ‘Christians were in the habit of meeting regularly before dawn on a fixed date to chant verse alternately among them selves in honour Christ as to a God.’ It is clear that the early church worshiped Jesus as God from the earliest days.

 

Further, numerous church fathers speak of the divinity of Christ. For example

 

  • Ignatius (CA 50 – CA 117) ‘ our God, Jesus Christ’
  • Justin Martyr (CA 100 – CA165) ‘He was god’
  • Melito of Sardis (died CA 190) ‘Being God and Like wise perfect man’
  • Irenaeus (CA130 – CA 200) ‘He is the holy Lord, The wonderful Counselor ….and the Might God.
  • Clement of Alexandria (CA 150 – CA 215) ‘He alone is both God and man.’
  • Teryullian (CA 160 – CA 225) ‘for Christ is also God.’

 

 

The council was probably attended by 220-250 bishops. The Arian creed was rejected and they produced the Nicene Creed with four anti- Arian anathemas attached. This was accepted by all but two of the bishops, that is, over 99per cent were in favour. They declared that Jesus was the Son of God, ‘begotten not made, of the same substance (homousios) as the Father.’

 

 

Long before “Victorian Morality” indigenous tribes followed monogamy & understood marriage as between man & woman

Long before “Victorian Morality” indigenous tribes followed monogamy & understood marriage as between man & woman. Proved by research into 4000 tribal groups by . Even primitive cultures viz. our Veddhas other tribes elsewhere give evidence to God’s original social design of monogamy – marriage between man & woman.  Long before “Victorian morals” Hippocratic Oath made medical practitioners to say, “I will not help woman procure an abortion”. A law later enacted during Xhenghe reign (1111-1118) which punished male prostitutes with “one hundred strokes of a bamboo rod and a fine of fifty thousand in cash. In 1679 extensive legislation was written and confirmed in the Qing code of 1740, which made the abduction and rape of boys under twelve a capital crime, and penalized consensual sodomy with one hundred strokes of the heavy bamboo, and the wearing of the cangue (a flat wooden board) for one month.h.” (China) Within the Middle Assyrian Laws (c. 1450-1250 B.C.) does seem to provide one or two relevant laws. MAL 19 provides a penalty for false accusation of passive homosexuality, requiring the false witness to be beaten, fined and suffer a mark of shame on him.[54]

MAL 20 is more specific, “If a man has lain with his male friend and a charge is brought and proved against him, the same thing shall be done to him and he shall be made a eunuch.”

The earliest record of Book of the Dead is dated from approx. 1650-1550 B.C., though it is thought that some of the spells originated in the Pyramid Texts carved more than 1000 years earlier.[65][66] In chapter 125 are two sets of “negative confessions”, in which the deceased was to testify before Osiris and forty-two other gods of his righteousness and worthiness of eternal life. In the first set of declarations (before Osiris) is the statement (as translated), I have not penetrated the penetrater of a penetrater,[67] while in the second set (before the 42 judges) it is declared (as translated), I have committed no acts of impurity nor have I had sexual intercourse with a man

Homosexuality is condemned and forbidden by the holy law of Islam,

On Dec 16, 342 A.D., Constantius and Constans issued a legal decision which was included in the later Theodosian Code:

Cod.Theod. IX. Viii. 3: (Cod. Justin IX.ix.31):

When a man marries in the manner of a woman, a woman about to renounce men (quum vir nubit in feminam viris porrecturam), what does he wish, when sex has lost all its significance; when the crime is one which it is not profitable to know; when Venus is changed to another form; when love is sought and not found? We order the statutes to arise, the laws to be armed with an avenging sword, that those infamous persons who are now, or who hereafter may be, guilty may be subjected to exquisite punishment.

The meaning of this is somewhat obscure, more explicit is the law issued by Valentinian II, Theodoisus and Arcadius on Aug 6, 390, and which also survives in the Theodosian Code:

Cod.Theod. IX. Vii. 6:

All persons who have the shameful custom of condemning a man’s body, acting the part of a woman’s to the sufferance of alien sex (for they appear not to be different from women), shall expiate a crime of this kind in avenging flames in the sight of the people.

During the Roman Imperial period the Lex Julia de adulteris (originally of c. 17 B.C.) was expanded by legal commentators to include first offenses against boys, and possibly all male homosexual acts. Under Justinian, the Eastern Roman Emperor from 527 A.D. to his death, historical accounts in Procopius and Malalas indicate that there was punishment of some homosexuals. In addition, under Justinian’s legislative activity there was the strict Institutes of the Corpus Juris Civilis (effective Dec 30, 533), which is understood by some to sum up the legal opinons:[89]

An notable interesting aspect in regards to the history of homosexuality is that it has been rare in a number of cultures or been absent in some cultures. Dr. Neil Whitehead and Briar Whitehead state regarding various cultures: “If homosexuality were significantly influenced by genes, it would appear in every culture, but in twenty-nine of seventy-nine cultures surveyed by Ford and Beach in 1952, homosexuality was rare or absent. My Genes Made Me Do it – a scientific look at sexual orientation by Dr Neil Whitehead and Briar Whitehead – Chapter 6

As with Sodom and its region, (Jude 1:7) widespread fornication and its abominable homosexual form are Biblically seen by traditional Christians as concomitant with “pride, fullness of bread and abundance of idleness, and selfishness. (Ezek. 16:49,50), and is a preclude to national travail and ultimate destruction, if such prevalence continued.[109]

Historically, societies that have embraced homosexuality have perished, whereas those that have upheld traditional values have endured. For example, ancient Rome’s decline and its eventual fall in A.D. 476 were due in no small part to a growing tolerance of homosexual acts beginning in the Late Republic period ending in 27 B.C. The prominent Italian historian Roberto De Mattei, deputy head of Italy’s National Research Council, indicated the fall of Rome was due to a “contagion of homosexuality and effeminacy” that made the Roman Empire easy pickings for barbarian hordes.[110]

 

Antidote for Digital Abuse – Father Bless the Son for Generations

The book of Proverbs was written by Solomon based on what he heard form his father David. The first nine chapters particularly have this emphasis, more so chapter four. We should not treat the book of Proverbs merely as a teaching manual or a repository of wisdom. It was born in the intimacy of a father-son relationship and is meant to be taught in that relationship of parent & child.

Pro 4:1-13 Sons, hear the instruction of a father, and listen in order to know understanding.  For I give you good teaching; do not forsake my law. For I was my father’s son, tender and only beloved in the sight of my mother. He also taught me, and said to me, Let your heart hold fast my words, keep my commandments and live.

Then follow the promises for the son who listens to the father’s advice.

  1. Paternity – For I was my father’s son, tender and only beloved in the sight of my mother. It is important to acknowledge paternity. God works thru the generations. God of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob. You will also beget a generation. Think generations. Not yourself only.

Pro 4:6 Do not forsake her, and she shall preserve you; love her, and she shall keep you.

  1. Preservation Prov 4:6 Preservation has to do with inward life. Seed of God sowed into you by the father preserves you. Fathers need to examine what they sow into the children?
  2. Protection (keep you) – Not only accept but love wisdom, who will keep you from evil, and evil from you.

Pro 4:8 Prize her, and she shall lift you up; she shall bring you to honor when you embrace her.

  1. Promotion & Post you to Honour – Solomon patiently waited with the father and ascended the father’s throne. Joseph, the father’s much loved son, arose above his siblings.

Pro 4:9 She shall give to your hand an ornament of grace; she shall shield you with a crown of glory.

  1. Pleasure of all – favour from God and man; Ornament of grace. You will receive grace in the sight of others and you will give grace. Contrast Ishmael with Isaac.
  2. Pre-eminence & Prosperity – Crown of glory

Pro 4:10 Hear, O my son, and receive my sayings; and the years of your life shall be many.

  1. Prolonged life

Pro 4:11  I have taught you in the way of wisdom; I have led you in the right paths.

  1. Pathways of righteousness – willing to be led

Pro 4:12 When you go, your steps shall not be narrowed, and when you run, you shall not stumble.

  1. Progression – rapid advance without hindrance or stumbling

Pro 4:18  But the path of the just is as the shining light, that shines more and more to the perfect day.

  1. Perfection, Perpetual brightness, well being